Java Interview Question

  1. What is JIT compiler?

Just-In-Time(JIT) compiler: It is used to improve the performance. JIT compiles parts of the byte code that have similar functionality at the same time, and hence reduces the amount of time needed for compilation.Here the term “compiler” refers to a translator from the instruction set of a Java virtual machine (JVM) to the instruction set of a specific CPU.


2. What is platform?

A platform is basically the hardware or software environment in which a program runs. There are two types of platforms software-based and hardware-based. Java provides software-based platform.


3.What is the main difference between Java platform and other platforms?

The Java platform differs from most other platforms in the sense that it’s a software-based platform that runs on top of other hardware-based platforms.It has two components:

  1. Runtime Environment
  2. API(Application Programming Interface)

4. What gives Java its ‘write once and run anywhere’ nature?

The bytecode. Java is compiled to be a byte code which is the intermediate language between source code and machine code. This byte code is not platform specific and hence can be fed to any platform.


5. What is classloader?

The classloader is a subsystem of JVM that is used to load classes and interfaces.There are many types of classloaders e.g. Bootstrap classloader, Extension classloader, System classloader, Plugin classloader etc.


6. Is Empty .java file name a valid source file name?

Yes, save your java file by .java only, compile it by javac .java and run by java yourclassname Let’s take a simple example:

  1. //save by .java only  
  2. class A{  
  3. public static void main(String args[]){  
  4. System.out.println(“Hello java”);  
  5. }  
  6. }  
  7. //compile by javac .java  
  8. //run by     java A  

compile it by javac .java

run it by java A


7. Is delete,next,main,exit or null keyword in java?

No.


8. If I don’t provide any arguments on the command line, then the String array of Main method will be empty or null?

It is empty. But not null.


9. What if I write static public void instead of public static void?

Program compiles and runs properly.


10. What is the default value of the local variables?

The local variables are not initialized to any default value, neither primitives nor object references.